Cashmere is the name given to the fine woolly undercoat produced by the Changra goats. It is one of the best fibres in the world and the original historical raw material for the famous shawl industry of Kashmir.  It was called “Cashmere” because of its ancestral connection to the ancient craftsmen of Kashmir.

People highly seek after cashmere for its soft, light and luxurious feel and its ability to keep the wearer warm even in the coldest climates. It has held great value since the days of the Mughal Empire. It is also known as the ‘diamond fibre’ and the ‘soft gold’ of Asia. The fabric is extremely durable and can last for decades if properly cared for. Furthermore, it is lightweight, making it an excellent choice for use while travelling and enjoying the outdoors.

History of Cashmere in Nepal

Mongolia, Afghanistan, and China produce the majority of the world’s cashmere. However, Nepal is also a major producer of cashmere and has a long history of creating this luxurious fibre. Nepal has an ancient and rich tradition of producing cashmere, with records of the craft dating back to the 12th century. The country’s unique geography and climate make it an ideal place for cashmere production, as goats grow thick winter coats to protect them from the cold. The country’s high altitude and dry climate also help to yield superior and soft cashmere fibre.

Nepal’s Rich Cultural Heritage

Nepal boasts a rich cultural heritage and renowned traditional craftsmanship, especially in hand-crafted cashmere products. For centuries, the country’s artisans have produced these products using traditional methods and techniques, earning Nepal a reputation as a cashmere haven. The unique and exquisite craftsmanship of cashmere items has made Nepal one of the leading producers of luxury cashmere apparel, and its popularity continues to grow.

Nepalese artisans are highly skilled, and their expertise in creating handmade cashmere products is unmatched. With their attention to detail and dedication to their craft, they create truly unique and luxurious cashmere products. Anyone looking for stylish and high-quality cashmere products should look no further than Nepalese artisans.

Traditional Techniques of Cashmere production in Nepal

  • Harvesting of Cashmere Fibre

The production of cashmere items begins with the harvesting of hair from the underbelly of the Chyangra goat. This is a breed of goat that lives in the cold, mountainous regions of the Himalayas.

Production of cashmere is labour intensive and requires a great deal of skill. First, groom the goats to ensure healthy coats. Then, shear them and collect and sort the cashmere fiber.

  • Washing, Combing and Hand-spinning of Cashmere Fiber

Hand spin the cashmere into yarn after washing and combing it.

  • Natural Dyeing of Cashmere Yarn

The yarn is then dyed in a variety of colours. The artisans take extra care in the dying process to ensure the fabric retains its colour and softness.

  • Hand-weaving of Cashmere Fabric

They then weave the fabric on traditional handlooms, creating intricate patterns and designs as well as unique textures and finishes. Hand-knitting is also a unique tradition of Nepali artisans, and they often use techniques like Kantha and loop stitching to create intricate designs. A variety of styles ranging from shawls and wraps to sweaters, scarves, and accessories produce these products.

Artisans who have worked with this fiber for generations, renowned for their intricate detailing and use of fine-quality materials, often do it. Nepalese craftsmanship ensures that the products are durable and long-lasting. These artisans use traditional techniques to create one-of-a-kind garments that are both stylish and functional. The world highly seeks and treasures some of the highest-quality cashmere products produced by the country with a long history.

  • Embellishing of Cashmere Products

Nepalese artisans also specialise in adding extra craftsmanship to the items they produce. They often embellish their creations with intricate embroidery, block printing, beadwork, and sequins to create unique and beautiful designs. The Nepalese add extra craftsmanship to their cashmere products, creating a special appeal that cannot be found anywhere else. Collectors highly value these pieces as works of art.

The Economic and Cultural Significance of Cashmere in Nepal

  • Importance of cashmere in Nepal’s Economy

The production of cashmere clothing in Nepal is an important part of the country’s economy. It provides employment opportunities for a large number of people and is one of the major sources of foreign exchange. The industry is highly competitive, and the quality of the products is constantly improving. As a result, the demand for these products is increasing, and the country is becoming increasingly well known for its luxurious cashmere products. Nepal has great potential for export of cashmere products because of the abundance of raw material and its unique production methods. It has long tradition of producing high quality cashmere products.

  • Traditional Techniques and Modern Technology

In addition to the traditional craftsmanship of cashmere products, Nepal is also home to some of the world’s finest spinning mills. These spinning mills use the latest technologies to produce some of the finest cashmere yarns in the world. The combination of hand-weaving and advanced spinning technologies creates some of the most luxurious and soft fabrics available.

Nepal is unique in its ability to maintain its traditional craftsmanship while also embracing modern technologies to produce some of the finest cashmere products in the world. This combination of traditional craftsmanship and modern technology is what makes Nepalese cashmere products so desirable. The combination of tradition, quality, and innovation makes Nepal one of the most sought-after destinations for luxurious cashmere products.

Keeping Culture and Tradition Alive

  • Commitment of Nepalese Artisans

Many Nepalese artisans rely on production of handmade cashmere items as a source of income for their families, and it also preserves their culture and tradition. The skill and dedication of the artisans are reflected in the intricate craftsmanship and attention to detail of the items. They serve as a reminder of the rich cultural heritage of Nepal.

  • Government’s Commitment to Promoting Traditional Craftsmanship

The Nepalese government aims to preserve and promote traditional Nepalese craftsmanship by setting up organizations and initiatives dedicated to protecting and promoting cashmere industry.


  • Popularity of Nepalese Handmade Cashmere Products

In recent years, the popularity of these handmade cashmere products has increased, and they have become a must-have item for many fashion-conscious people.

  • Importance of Supporting Traditional Craftsmanship

All in all, wearing cashmere clothing made by Nepalese artisans is a great way to look stylish and luxurious while also supporting the traditional craftsmanship of the country. Not only is it a great investment, but it is also an excellent way to keep the traditions and culture of Nepal alive.